BAUMANN - Mr. Anselm, aged 91 years, of Swift Current, Saskatchewan passed away on July 5, 2004 at the Cypress Regional Hospital, Swift Current, Saskatchewan. The funeral service was held on Monday, July 12, 2004 at Parkside Memorial Funeral Chapel with Lay Pastoral Minister, Doris Watt, officiating. The organist was Arlene Olson. The honorary pallbearers were all those who shared in his life. The interment was held at Memory Gardens Cemetery, Swift Current, Saskatchewan. Anselm is survived by his sons: Edwin Baumann, of Gabriola Island, B.C., and Rudy Baumann, of Swift Current; grandchildren: Gwendolyn Wigbout, of Aldergrove, B.C., Daniel Baumann, of Mission, B.C., Sandra Littlefield, of Mount Lehman, B.C., Shawn Baumann, of Abbotsford, B.C., Kevin Baumann, of Saskatoon, Craig Baumann, of Swift Current, Ryan Baumann, of Swift Current, Tracey Ginter, of Calgary, Darryl Ginter of Swift Current; thirteen great-grandchildren; former daughters-in-law, Marion Baumann, and Nancy Wall; sisters, Bertha Kuchle and Anne Reynolds; as well as many nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his parents, Rudolph, and Bertha Baumann; daughter, Pat Ginter, in 1993; son, Theodore, in 1993; brother, Frank Baumann; sister, Louise Baumann; brothers-in-law, Steve Kuchle and Arthur Reynolds. Anselm was a man who was interested in nature, taking a keen interest in the world around him. He excelled in sports, baseball, curling, bowling, golf, hunting, fishing and pool. He was musically inclined, in his younger days playing for house dances, in later years being a member of the Odds and Ends Band. He will be very much missed by his family and many friends. Funeral arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
FERGUSON - Mrs. Ruth Idell, (nee Pengelly), of Swift Current, Saskatchewan, passed away peacefully on July 15, 2004, at the Palliser Regional Care Centre, after a courageous battle with cancer. The funeral service was held on Monday, July 19, 2004 at Parkside memorial Funeral Chapel with Reverend Harold Benjamin officiating. The organist was Arlene Olson and the honorary pallbearers were her family and friends who shared in her life. The interment took place at memory Gardens Cemetery, Swift Current, Saskatchewan. Ruth is survived by her daughters, Margaret (Jim) Butcher, of Swift Current, and Linda (Phil) Lysager, of Maple Creek; granddaughter, Laura Lysager, of Maple Creek; grandson, Brian (Suzanne) Lysager, of Brooks; and one great-granddaughter, Kaitlin Lysager, of Brooks. She is also survived by her sister-in-laws, Mary Pengelly, of Red Deer, and Myrtle Pengelly, of Ponoka; as well as many nieces and nephews. Ruth was predeceased by her husband, Murray Ferguson, in 1963; her parents, Arthur and Lillian Pengelly; brothers, Robert Pengelly and Francis Pengelly; sister, Edna Dickie; and one nephew, Garry Dickie. She was born on the family farm April 21, 1919, 4 miles north of St. Boswells, Saskatchewan. Ruth was the youngest of four Pengelly children. The rest of her siblings were just about grown up by the time Ruth came along. She spent a happy but lonely childhood on the family farm. Her mother, Lillian, was ill a lot, when Ruth was growing up, so Ruth and her father, Arthur, did most of the chores inside and outside around the farm. Times were hard and she learned to make do with very little in those days. She married her childhood sweetheart, Murray Ferguson, on February 16, 1941. They had two daughters, Margaret and Linda. The Ferguson family, including Arthur Pengelly, moved to Swift Current. Murray Ferguson passed away in 1`963 and in the fall of 1965, Ruth went back to school to take a commercial course so she could obtain employment. She worked in the Admitting Department of the Swift Current Union Hospital for 18 years, retiring when she was 65. Ruth enjoyed music and accompanied her father when he played the fiddle and loved to sing hymns. She spent many years collecting information for her family tree. She loved company. Family and friends were always welcome and no one went away from her home hungry. She loved flowers and couldn’t wait for spring so she could be out in her flower garden. She had a unique way of expressing herself and maintained her sense of humor to the very end. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Palliser Regional Care Centre Auxiliary, c/o Palliser Regional Care Centre, 440 Central Ave. South, Swift Current, S9H 3G6, the Canadian Cancer Society or the Alzheimer Society, would be appreciated. Funeral arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
HORVEY - Mrs. Margit Christine (nee Dokken) – January 1, 1924 – July 21, 2004. We lost our best friend this day. Marg passed away peacefully with her family by her side at 80 years of age. This incredibly musical, crafty, witty wife, mother, grandmother and great- grandmother leaves to mourn her best friend and husband, Oliver, and her children: Dennis (Sharyn) Horvey, Diane (Don) Manning, Ivan (Laurie) Horvey and Neil Horvey. Also cherishing her memory are her grandchildren and great-grandchildren: Michael (Kim), Daniel and Adam Horvey, Lisa Horvey, David Manning, Dallas (Brandi) Manning, and Rebecca, Erika and Tyler Horvey. Marg was predeceased by an infant son; her parents, Thorvald and Ingeborg Dokken; her brothers and sister: Carl Dokken, Lewis Dokken, Melvin Dokken, Baby Rudolph Dokken and Thelma Rya. Marg was also predeceased by Oliver’s parents, sister and two brothers, all of whom she considered as family of her own. She will also be sadly missed by her many family and extended family members and friends. The funeral service was held on Saturday, July 24, 2004 at St. Olaf Lutheran Church with Pastor Terry Simonson officiating. The organist was Arlie Neufeld. The ushers were Glenn Dokken and Levern Horvey. The Honorary pallbearers were all of Margit’s family and friends. The active pallbearers were: Michael Horvey, David Manning, Dallas Manning, Dennis Horvey, Ivan Horvey, Neil Horvey and Tyler Horvey. The interment was held at Memory Gardens Cemetery, Swift Current, Saskatchewan. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the charity of your choice. Funeral arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
BASSENDOWSKE - Susanne of Herbert, Saskatchewan passed away at the Herbert Nursing Home on Wednesday, July 21, 2004 at the age of 99 years and 7 months. She was born on December 15, 1904 at Kullig, West Prussia (Germany) to Alexander and Anna Neubauer. The family emigrated to Canada in 1908 and settled in the Herbert district. She attended public school at the Rosefarm School near Herbert and later moved to Herbert with her parents in 1920. She married Jacob Bassendowske on January 9, 1925 and three children were born to this union. On August 14, 1938 she and her husband were baptized and joined the Elim Mennonite Brethren Church near Kelstern, Saskatchewan and after Jacob became the Co-op manager in Herbert in 1945 they transferred their membership to the Herbert Mennonite Church. Susanne was always good at handiwork and over the years made literally hundreds of novelty items. She enjoyed making items for the farmers market and crocheting afghans, which she donated to the hospital. After living independently in her Herbert home until the age of 90, Susanne moved to the Prairie View Lodge in Swift Current in December of 1995. Five years later, in 2000, she again moved to her hometown of Herbert into the Herbert Heritage Manor and after about a year she was transferred to the Herbert Nursing Home where she resided for the past 3 years under the loving care of the Nursing Home staff. Besides being predeceased by her parents, she was also predeceased by her husband, Jacob; one son, Victor; daughter-in-law, Marie; two sisters, Marie and Annie; two brothers, John and Alex and one granddaughter, Sandra. She is mourned by two sons; Ethan (Loretta) of Regina, Harry of Swift Current; one brother, Jake of Maple Ridge, B.C.; five grandchildren: Dale (Julie) Bassen of Santiago, Chile, Janet (Glen) Crook of Regina, Clark Bassendowske of Calgary, Gregg (Patricia) Bassendowske of Calgary, Gayle (Mark) Diduck of Lloydminster and eight great-grandchildren. A funeral service was held on Monday, July 26, 2004 at 2:00 p.m. from the Herbert Mennonite Brethren Church with Pastor Bob Cappelle officiating. The pallbearers were: Clark Bassendowske, Gregg Bassendowske, Mark Diduck, Wayne Bassendowski, Ron Bassendowski and Garry Redekop. The interment took place at the Herbert Cemetery, Herbert, Saskatchewan. Memorial donations may be made to the Herbert Nursing Home or to the charity of the donor’s choice.
Arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current and Herbert, Saskatchewan.
MOEN - Mrs. Phyllis Marie, of the Swift Current Care Centre, formerly of the Stewart Valley District, passed away into God’s Loving Care at the age of 67 on Saturday, July 31, 2004 after a courageous battle with cancer. The funeral service was held August 3, 2004 at 1:00 p.m. from St. Olaf Lutheran Church in Swift Current with Reverend Terry Simonson officiating. Tributes were given by granddaughters: Carrie Sander, Leslee & Kimberlee Day, and Kendra Moen; and Lisa Reimer on behalf of the staff at the Swift Current Care Centre. Honorary pallbearers were her roommate, Katie Jaskiewicz, the nursing staff of the Swift Current Care Centre, and all those who shared in Phyllis’s life. The acting pallbearers were her grandsons: Brant Moen, Travis Moen, Ryan Sander and Davin Snader; nephews, Murray Moen and Barry Thompson. The ushers were, Michael Moen and Darrel Tangen. The organist was, Arlene Olson and the soloist was, Connie Day. The interment took place at Memory Gardens Cemetery in Swift Current. Phyllis is survived by her daughters, Wendy (Brad) Sander, Sherry (Stan) Day; daughter-in-law, Sheryl Moen; grandchildren: Carrie, Ryan and Davin Sander, Leslee and Kimberlee Day, Brant, Travis and Kendra Moen; sister, Doreen (Brian) Thompson; sisters-in-law, Rosemary Moen and Francis Moen; as well as numerous nieces and nephews. She was predeceased by her husband, Lorne Moen; son, Brian Moen; grandson, Michael Day; parents, Fred and Josephine Erickson; sister, Eileen Eidem; brothers-in-law, Harold and Aldin Moen, and Martin Eidem. Phyllis was born August 8, 1936 in Swift Current. She took her schooling at Velva in the Cantuar district and at Cantuar and Swift Current. She worked in Swift Current prior to her marriage to Lorne in 1956. They lived on the family farm and raised their three children. In the fall of 1969 Phyllis’s life changed drastically after a farm accident which left her physically handicapped. Although she faced many challenges during her lifetime, she loved company and the coffee pot was always on. After Lorne passed away she became a resident of the Swift Current Care Centre. The staff and residents became a part of her family. She will be sadly missed by family and friends and her memory will be cherished forever. In her memory, memorial donations to the Swift Current Care Centre and the Canadian Cancer Society will be greatly acknowledged by the family. Funeral Arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
MILLS - Mrs. Hilda Mary, age 87 years of the Herbert Nursing Home, formerly of Swift Current and Chaplin, Saskatchewan went to be with her Lord and Saviour on Saturday, July 31, 2004. Mom was born on April 5, 1917 in Burks Falls, Ontario to Edward and Mary Silvester. The family moved to Saskatchewan in 1918. She was raised on a farm in the Ernfold area. On April 23, 1942 Hilda married Earl Mills and they were blessed with almost 61 years together. They operated a farm until 1973 and enjoyed it very much. In 1975 they retired in Swift Current. Mom never missed an opportunity to revisit the farm. Mom leaves to cherish her memory one daughter, Maxine (Ken) Knudsen, of Shamrock; three sons: Ken (Louise), of Martensville, Walter (Anita), of Kingston, Ontario, and Ray (Kim) Mills, of Broken Arrow, Oklahoma; thirteen grandchildren, fifteen great-grandchildren; two sisters, Ella Gray and Joyce Roberts. She was predeceased by her husband, Earl, in 2003; daughter and son-in-law, Bernice and Karan Dyck in 1991; her parents, Edward and Mary Silvester, in 1968; and her brother, Bill Silvester, in 2002. We Love you Mom and are going to miss you very much. The funeral service was held on Thursday, August 5, 2004 at 1:30 p.m. at Bridgeway Community Church with Pastor Rory Grooters officiating. The pianist was Karen Grooters and special music was by Hilda’s son, Ray Mills. A message was given by her son, Walter Mills, and a tribute was given by her grandsons, Bruce Dyck and Calvin Mills. The ushers were, Lee Eby and Trevor Guppy. The pallbearers were grandsons: Clinton Knudsen, Kelly Knudsen, Rodney Knudsen, Doug Mills, Calvin Mills, Blair Dyck and Bruce Dyck. The interment was held at Droxford Community Cemetery, in the Chaplin District. Memorial donations may be made to the charity of your choice. Funeral arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
FRITSCH - Mrs. Alice Mildred, of Gull Lake, passed away on Monday, August 9, 2004, after a courageous battle with cancer, at the age of 75 years. She was born in Gull Lake on September 14, 1928, to Richard and Alice Head, and was the third of six children. She grew up on the family farm north of Antelope and attended Stonecliff School. After finishing her high school training in Moose Jaw, Millie worked as a dental assistant with the Swift Current Health Region. In 1951 she married Arnold Fritsch of the Webb District. They lived briefly in Hawarden, SK and Claresholm, AB before settling in the village of Antelope in 1953. Their daughter, Ellie, was born in 1956. In 1966 the family moved to Gull Lake, where Millie worked at the Gull Lake Advance print shop for many years. Following her retirement, Millie kept busy with gardening, taking bus trips, visiting with family, and quilting with the Gull Lake Quilters. She enjoyed all types of gardening, and bird watching and was an ardent walker, particularly loving a walk in the country south and east of town. She was a wonderful cook, and there was always a cup of coffee and a choice of cookies ready for anyone dropping by. She was a devoted wife, mother, grandmother, and aunt, who always had an ear for everyone’s troubles and was happy to celebrate family successes and joys. She loved music, particularly made by family, and attended many a music festival and band concert. Millie was predeceased by her parents, Alice and Richard Head; her sisters, Phyllis Holtby, and Doris Sather; her brothers, Ernie and Jack Head; a nephew, Dick Holtby; a sister-in-law, Shirley Head; a brother-in-law, Don Holtby. Left to mourn her loss are her devoted husband of 52 years, Arnold; her daughter, Ellie Rausch and her husband, Murray, of Goodsoil, SK; two grandsons, Kyle and Eric Rausch; one brother, Leonard Head, of Swift Current, one sister-in-law, Marjorie Head, of Gull Lake; one brother-in-law, Martin Sather, of Gull Lake; and many nieces, nephews, and great-nieces and nephews. By her request, a graveside service was held at St. John’s Cemetery, at Antelope, SK on Thursday, August 12, 2004. The pallbearers were: Tobe and Brett Sather, Raymond Holtby and Larry Untereiner. In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate a memorial donation to the Canadian Cancer Society or the Canadian Diabetes Association. Funeral arrangements were entrusted to Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.
HEINRICKS - Pete, beloved husband, father, grandpa, great-grandpa passed away peacefully while surrounded by his family on July 27, 2004, at the age of 87, in Swift Current, SK. Peter Joseph was born on October 6, 1916 to Jacob and Katherine Heinricks on the family homestead northwest of Pambrun. Pete's memory will be cherished by his loving wife of 56 years, Margaret, his five children and grandchildren and great grandchildren: daughter Gloria (Wally) Dyck of Lac Pelletier, son Douglas (Brenda) Heinricks of Swift Current, grandson Cory (Ronda) Heinricks, granddaughter Cortney (Brad) Whitelaw, daughter Joanne (Cecil) Brookes of Meadow Lake, SK, grandson Kelly (Christie) Schwartz and great-grandsons Logan and Grayson, grandson Darren (Taryn) Schwartz and great-granddaughter Megan, daughter Marjorie (Roy) Taylor and granddaughter Leanne all of Wassenaar, The Netherlands, and grandsons Eric Taylor and Kevin Taylor and his youngest daughter Faye Heinricks of Calgary, AB. He was the second oldest and first-born son of a family of 12. He was predeceased by: his father Jacob in 1969, mother Katherine in 1994, sister Katherine Wall in 1982, brothers Bill in 1992 and Jake in 2002 and many other beloved relatives. He dearly cared for his eight surviving sisters: Helen Wall, Margaret (Jake) Dyck, Betty (Don) Loeppky all of Swift Current, Anne Kellough (Chuck Reader) and Mary (Norman) Allan all of Moose Jaw, Agnes (Austin) Robson and Hilda (Bill) Robson all of Edmonton, Evelyn (Howard) Hesjedal of Medicine Hat and sister in-laws Dorothy Heinricks of Calgary and Eleanor Heinricks of Saskatoon and Margaret's sisters, Theresa Malach and Helen Strawford of Regina and brother Frank (Katie) Mulatz of Glen Bain. Pete enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1942 and was stationed in Brandon, MB, Mossbank, SK and Calgary, AB. After receiving his discharge in 1945 he returned home and began farming south of Pambrun. He married Margaret Mulatz in 1948 then settled on a farm north of Vanguard, SK until his retirement in October 1981 when they moved to Swift Current. For several years he kept a herd of cattle to supplement the farming income. Horses were a big part of his life from childhood days to raising and showing Registered Quarter Horses. He was always interested in his communities and found time for involvement. He was a leader of the Pambrun 4-H Beef Club, he coached hockey for fourteen years from Pee Wee to Senior teams; served as a trustee on the Vanguard School Board and on the Swift Current School Unit Board. He was also a Lions Club member, Knights of Columbus member, a trustee on the Catholic Church Board, Wheat Pool and Co-op Boards. Pete was a director of the Frontier Days Agriculture & Exhibition Assn. for many years and a member of the Royal Canadian Legion, Vanguard and Swift Current Branches, for 58 years. Pete filled his days these last few years with caring for his horses (he bought his last horse in July) visits with family and friends, coffee rows, card games and cribbage with his family and at the Legion on Friday nights with Margaret. He attended all three days of the 2004 Frontier Days Rodeo and over the years he attended many Hallonquist rodeos watching his children and grandchildren compete. Just two weeks ago he attended the 48th Annual Hallonquist rodeo watching his grandson and great-grandson. We are blessed and fortunate to have so many memories, personal stories and experiences with him. The manner in which he understood life and the importance of taking time to enjoy people will be forever a part of our family and his friends. We will miss Pete's wonderful stories, sense of humour, endless teasing and his smile. We all know the slogan - Nothing Runs like a Deere. Well Pete did - he ran for 87 years. The Funeral Service was held at the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church on July 31st, 2004 with Father Armand Guenette officiating. The Knights of Columbus and the Royal Canadian Legion were Honor Guards. Interment was at the Hillcrest Cemetery in Swift Current, SK. Arrangements were in the care of the Parkside Memorial Funeral Home. Those wishing to make a donation, in Pete's memory, may do so to the Dr. Noble Irwin Regional Healthcare Foundation Inc. Box 1706, Swift Current, SK S9H 4G6.
PENNER – Mr. John Penner of Swift Current, Saskatchewan passed away on Tuesday August 10, 2004 at the Swift Current Care Centre at the age of 79 years. The funeral service was held Friday August 13, 2004 at 2:00pm from the Parkside Memorial Funeral Home, Swift Current, SK. with Reverend John Barker officiating. The interment service took place at the Hillcrest Cemetery in Swift Current, Saskatchewan. The pall bearers were Wayne Sabine, Michael Sabine, Peter Teichroeb, Allan Moen, Ben Giesbrecht and Arnold Wiebe. John is survived by wife Florence Penner of Swift Current, SK; daughters: Sharon (Stan) Giesbrecht, of Swift Current and Linda (Doug) Hynne of Regina; granddaughters: Brianne Giesbrecht and Kelsey Hynne; grandson: Kyle Hynne; One brother Jake (Elsie) Penner, sisters: Mary Davidson, Swift Current, SK, Betty Guenther, Lethbridge, AB; Kay (Philip) Moen, Swift Current, SK; Margaret (Dave) Wiebe, Rosenhof, SK; and Eva (Jake) Loewen, Ingersol, Ont; sister-in-law: Sarah Penner, Vanderhoof BC; brother-in-law Abe (Margaret) Wiebe, Swift Current, SK; and numerous nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his parents Jacob and Maria Penner; his father and mother-in-law Jess and Amelia Hopkins; brothers: Abe Penner, Cornie Penner, Ben Penner and two brothers John and Peter in infancy; sisters: Agnes Wiebe, Ann Martens and Helen Janzen; brothers-in-law: Roy Henning, George Janzen, Jake Guenther, Jim Davidson and Henry Martens. John was born on the family farm east of Swift Current on October, 26, 1924. He received his education at the Bigford and Lens Schools. He then moved to Alberta to work as a farm labourer. For a short time he worked in the lumber camps of Ontario and also the lumber camps of British Columbia. He moved back to Saskatchewan and took a job as a truck driver for a gravel hauling company. He then changed jobs again and worked in a body shop in Swift Current. He was united in marriage to Florence Hopkins on March 29, 1954 in Medicine Hat AB. The couple moved to the farm in the Bigford District where they raised their daughters. John was especially proud of the many grain crops they grew on the farm and he took very good care of their cattle and horses. John was a councilor for the RM of Coulee for many years during which time he spent many long hard hours plowing snow just to make sure the school bus could make it through to pick up the children in the Bigford district. Upon retiring from the farm in 1991 they moved to Swift Current. He became quite active in the bowling league and earned many crests and a trophy. He and Florence spent many hours fishing. He enjoyed going to the Bronco hockey games and when his health prevented him from going to the games he listened to them on the radio. He enjoyed going for walks with his grandchildren, collecting coins, model tractors, reading the news paper and playing card games with family and friends. In his memory donations can be made to the Canadian Diabetes Association, the Juvenile Diabetes Association or the Sask. Lung Association. The family wishes to thank the staff of the Cypress Region Home Care, the staff of the Cypress Regional Hospital, the staff of the Swift Current Care Centre and Dr. T Gordon and Dr Juta for the wonderful and compassionate care given to our husband, father and grandfather.
HAHN - Anna. Anna Hahn passed into the presence of the Lord on Monday, August 23, 2004 at the age of 86 at the Swift Current Care Centre after a lengthy illness – with family members at her side.
Anna was born in Blumenort, Saskatchewan on February 13, 1918 to Jacob and Maria Friesen. She married Peter Krahn on July 31, 1938. Except for a brief stint working on a farm at Stewart Valley they lived in Blumenort throughout their marriage. She was totally devastated by Peter’s untimely death in 1957.
She gave birth to premature twins in 1939 who only lived a few hours. Surviving her are two daughters, Sylvia (Jake) Ens and Carole Baragar, two sons, Richard (Ruth) and Robert (Agatha) and seven grandchildren, Brad (Kim) and Mike Ens, Bob (Karen) Baragar, Carrie (Trevor) Braun, Carla (Rod) Petryshyn, Karmen Krahn and Leighton (Tammy) Krahn. 9 great grandchildren: Cody, Cherise, Conner, Cassandra, Miranda, Kailey, Teagan, Rogan and Alyssa.
She is also survived by 3 brothers, Abram (Joan) of Kelowna, John (Anne) of Swift Current and Henry (Agnes) of Kelowna. Brothers-in-law John (Anne) Krahn, Bernie Krahn and Jake Krahn, sisters-in-law, Suzanna Driedger, Helen (Peter) Wieler, Gertrude Krahn, Jessie Krahn, Matilda Krahn, Nettie Krahn and Rochelle Krahn. She is also survived by Andrew’s family.
In 1963 Anna moved to Swift Current and worked as a housekeeper and babysitter till she married Andrew Hahn in 1974. They continued to reside in Swift Current but spent their summers at Andrew’s farm in Neidpath where they enjoyed picking Saskatoon berries, a large garden and many friends.
Anna suffered from debilitating arthritis and endured multiple joint replacements. In 1996 she developed a life threatening infection and as a result a hip joint had to be removed and from then on she was confined to a wheel chair. In 2000 she had to be placed in the Swift Current Care Centre.
She is predeceased by her 1st husband, Peter Krahn in 1957 and Andrew Hahn in 1983, 2 sisters, 4 brothers, as well as brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law. She is also survived by many nieces and nephews.
She cherished visits from family and friends throughout her entire life.